JOHN BROOKS (1752-1825) was a doctor, military officer and a politician who served as the 11th Governor of Massachusetts and was one of the last Federalists elected in the United States. Brooks was an officer in the Reading, MA, militia when the Revolutionary War began. He led his troops in the Battles of Lexington and Concord and served under George Washington in the New York and New Jersey Campaign of 1776. He led a successful assault against British positions in the key Second Battle of Saratoga and played a significant role in the 1783 Newburgh Conspiracy in which he helped to quash ideas of mutiny in the Continental Army. He helped put down Shay’s Rebellion and served during the War of 1812. Brooks was politically moderate and popular and came to personify the “Era of Good Feelings” that followed the war.
Governors in Massachusetts began proclaiming a day of humiliation, fasting and prayer began as early as 1798 when Governor Increase Summer proclaimed April 5, 1798 as the day of observance.
We’re offering an 18 ½ x 21 ½ Broadside by Gov. John Brooks proclaiming the day for February 25, 1822. The document contains beautifully flowing language explaining the reasons for the day. “The return of another year, bringing with it a renewal of our wants, and of a sense of our dependence on God, the fountain of all good, suggests to us the fitness and the duty of devoutly invoking the divine blessing on all our interests and undertakings.” He further instructs citizens to gather in their respective houses of worship. “He will be pleased to bless the people of our state…pleased to smile on our Agriculture, in giving a favorable seed time, a fruitful summer and a plentiful harvest…He will bless the President of the United States…And the people are requested to abstain from all labor and recreation inconsistent with the religious observances of the said day…God save the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.”
Docketed on verso as having belong to Rev. Emerson of Salem, MA.
Folds, toning, light foxing. Very fine early 20th century Americana from historic Massachusetts.
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