The 4th New Jersey Infantry Regiment was organized at Trenton, NJ, on April 27th, 186, for three months. The regiment was honored by a visit from President Lincoln. Most of the first three months were spent guarding the bridge over the Potomac and the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. After being reorganized, the regiment saw action in many major battles, including Gettysburg, Seven Days, Gaines Mill, Malvern Hill, Bull Run, Second Battle of Bull Run, Fredericksburg, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Wilderness, South Mountain, Petersburg, Appomattox and the surrender of Lee and his army. The reorganized 4th was mustered out on July 9th, 1865, at Hall’s Hill, VA.
Meanwhile, the 6th New Jersey Infantry Regiment was formed, which was made up of many soldiers from the 4th.
George W. Hill mustered into K Co. of the 4th on April 27th, 1861. Research indicates he mustered out on July 31, 1861, his letters extend well beyond that date clearly indicating he remained in the army. The dateline on other letters indicate he was in the 6th Regiment.
3 pp, 5 x 8, on patriotic stationary, George Hill, Arlington Heights, June 19, 1861. With cover.
Writing to his grandmother, sister, uncle and brother, in small part, “...I got the boys provision that Mrs. Graythorn sent to me and when I opened it I discovered a package that said on it to George W. Hill sent to him by his grandmother...There was a little fight night before last. We had a parade out on the large field. There was 9 regiments there and among them was one of the Ohio regiments and after the parade was dismissed they started for their encampment and they were attacked before they reached their quarters. I learned since I heard their report of the guns. It was about one o’clock at night. I had just went on guard...There is no talk of us moving. Some of our brigade moved last night. I don’t know where they are gone to. There is talk of an attack tonight. If they don’t attack tonight, we will...get behind the breast works...I was in Washington yesterday. I was all through the Smithsonian Institution...”
Toning, folds, as expected. Cover is soiled and stained.
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