• 4th NJ Soldier Prepares For Battle Of Yorktown -- Some Already Wounded On Both Sides

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    The 4th New Jersey Infantry Regiment was organized at Trenton, NJ, on April 27th, 186, for three months.  The regiment was honored by a visit from President Lincoln.  Most of the first three months were spent guarding the bridge over the Potomac and the Orange and Alexandria Railroad.  After being reorganized, the regiment saw action in many major battles, including Gettysburg, Seven Days, Gaines Mill, Malvern Hill, Bull Run, Second Battle of Bull Run, Fredericksburg, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Wilderness, South Mountain, Petersburg, Appomattox and the surrender of Lee and his army. The reorganized 4th was mustered out on July 9th, 1865, at Hall’s Hill, VA.

    Meanwhile, the 6th New Jersey Infantry Regiment was formed, which was made up of many soldiers from the 4th. 

    George W. Hill was mustered into K Co. of the 4th on April 27th, 1861. While research indicates he mustered out on July 31, 1861, his letters extend well beyond that date clearly indicating that he remained in the army.  7 3/4 x 9 1/2,

    3 pp, Shipping Point, Virginia, April 20th [1862]. [Battle of Yorktown] “...We are now about five miles from York Town. There will be a very hard fight at this place. The rebels have a very strong force at this place. If you don’t hear from me for a while don’t be uneasy for I heard that all the letters was going to be stopped until after the fight. I don’t know how long it is...We expect to move every hour today to proceed on closer to York Town to throw up Beast Works. They have been firing at one another...for two or three days wound some on both sides...The attack will be made next week some time...It is now Sunday night and it is raining...I am sitting in my tent. Just room enough to turn around. We have little tents made to carry in our knapsacks. Two men in a tent...Each man can carry half a tent...We have nice man for our Captain...Jacob Van Riper. We are going to move again tomorrow morning, up nearer York Town. I just want you to get the Burlington dollar paper and read the letter in it from Company F [from our boys]...wrote to the editor...It will let you know all the particulars of our move from Rum Point. There was 1400 men on one [boat] 5 days...”


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