• 4th NJ Soldier Reports 90,000 To 120,000 Troops Around Washington And Talk Of Going To Richmond

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    The 4th New Jersey Infantry Regiment was organized at Trenton, NJ, on April 27th, 186, for three months.  The regiment was honored by a visit from President Lincoln.  Most of the first three months were spent guarding the bridge over the Potomac and the Orange and Alexandria Railroad.  After being reorganized, the regiment saw action in many major battles, including Gettysburg, Seven Days, Gaines Mill, Malvern Hill, Bull Run, Second Battle of Bull Run, Fredericksburg, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Wilderness, South Mountain, Petersburg, Appomattox and the surrender of Lee and his army. The reorganized 4th was mustered out on July 9th, 1865, at Hall’s Hill, VA.

    Meanwhile, the 6th New Jersey Infantry Regiment was formed, which was made up of many soldiers from the 4th. 

    George W. Hill was mustered into K Co. of the 4th on April 27th, 1861. While research indicates he mustered out on July 31, 1861, his letters extend well beyond that date clearly indicating that he remained in the army.  

    2 pp, 8 x 10, Hill writes in small part, "Arlington Heights, June 10th, 1861...I am well at present and hope these few lines will find you the same. There is no talk of any fighting yet we have not received any money yet. We won’t get any until our three months is up, which is on the 21st of July...One dollar is plenty to send me at a time. It does me a great deal of good.  Sometimes I don’t get enough to eat. I go and buy me some cakes and it keeps me in tobacco and writing paper and tobacco...I will have many a tale to tell you when I get home...I have seen a great many sights...I am tired of hearing the drums beating ...There is from 90 to 120,000 troops in and around Washington...It is my turn to go on guard duty day and night -- 2 hours on and four off. There is today talk of us going to Richmond..."


    Folds. Toning. Some staining but readable and from a soldier in a fine regiment.


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