JAMES DIXON (1814-1873) was a United States Senator who frequently
corresponded with President Abraham Lincoln. Dixon was a staunch abolitionist.
Known as a brilliant orator, Dixon made many speeches before Congress,
including the one offered here “Against The Extension of Slave Territory,”
delivered on February 9, 1847, in the U.S. House of Representatives. printed by J. & G.S. Gideon in
Washington. 16 pp, 6 ½ x 9 ½, is uncut,
pamphlet, printed on one large sheet. James Polk was President when this speech was
delivered, just a little over a decade before the Civil War began. At the time, the nation was engaged in the
Mexican-American War, which resulted from the annexation of Texas and
contributed to the Civil War. Texas was
another slave state and the North adamantly opposed its admission to the Union,
while the South supported it.
The text of Dixon’s speech, in very small part, includes: “Discussion of a certain ‘peculiar institution’ is no longer suppressed on this floor, and it is now too late for gentlemen to alarm us for the safety of the Union, unless slavery, which even in this Hall, no longer holds despotic sway, shall be extended to the plains and mountains of Mexico…While by a refusal to extend the limits of slave territory, our Union cannot be endangered, there is great cause for alarm in an opposite policy…Enemies are far more dangerous than any foreign foe are in our midst. They are laboring to subvert the foundations of our free institutions; they are swelling the already gigantic power of the Executive; they are perverting the strength of the Republic to the vile purpose of extending and perpetuating slavery, and this burying the nation in guilt, which years of punishment cannot expiate. I cannot look upon their attempts in silence…” Much more
Toning, light foxing and some chipping along edge. Else very good and easy to handle and read.
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