Autograph Note Signed, in the third
person within the text ("The president"), to his Treasury Auditor
Amos Kendall, agreeing to meet, suggesting that they dine together, reporting
that he has written for answers to his questions, requesting that he complete
his project so that Jackson might submit it to friends, and noting that Stephen
Decatur Miller of South Carolina would be giving a speech in the senate. Also
inscribed with an attestation and signed by Amos Kendall in the upper margin:
"I certify that the following note is in the handwriting of General Andrew
Jackson. / May 6th 1864."
One page, 4 ¾ x 8, with integral address leaf to Amos Kendall, Esq., 4th auditor with docketing “President 1832”; Np, 26 January 1832, Bissell & Pease watermark.
Jackson writes: "The president with his respects to Mr. A. Kendall will be happy to see him tomorrow at 12, and if convenient to take a family dinner with him at 4 p.m.--he has seen Judge B[errien?]. & the Judge has written to obtain explicit answers to the points submitted, & a copy of the letter written to C[alhoun?]. If you can have it finished by Saturday night I would like to have it to submit to one or two confidential friends, & then determine the time & the manner. The speech of Miller in the senate when seen will afford, perhaps, a fit time."
Folds, light toning, seal remnant and small paper loss
from seal tear. A spectacular example of the Nullification Crisis. Comes with a
full length engraving of Jackson on his horse.
In February of 1832, U.S. Senator from SC Stephen Decatur Miller delivered speeches in the senate arguing that the U.S. tariff caused an unfair disadvantage for his state. Attempts to find a mutually satisfactory compromise failed. In November, the SC legislature passed the Ordinance of Nullification, declaring the federal tariff laws unconstitutional, thereby bringing about the Nullification Crisis. The unity and survival of the nation depended upon Jackson's response. On December 10, 1832, Jackson argued before Congress that state nullification of federal laws was misguided, unconstitutional and treasonous to the country.
On December 10, 1832, Jackson issued a Proclamation to the people of South Carolina that disputed a states' right to nullify a federal law. The nullification movement was led by John C. Calhoun, Jackson's vice president. Following Jackson’s proclamation, Congress passed the Force Act that authorized the use of military force against any state that resisted the tariff acts. In 1833, Henry Clay helped broker a compromise bill with Calhoun that slowly lowered tariffs over the next decade. The Compromise Tariff of 1833 was eventually accepted by South Carolina and ended the nullification crisis.
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