CALEB GIBBS (1748-1818) was the first Commander-in-Chief’s Guard, the unit that protected Gen. George Washington during the American Revolutionary War. When the guard was disbanded in 1783, Gibbs was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and transferred to the Second Massachusetts Regiment of the Continental Line. He held that post until the Army was disbanded in June of 1784. Few Continental Line officers could claim a longer continuous war record.
After the war, Gibbs was appointed to a key civilian post by Washington at the newly established Charlestown [MA] Navy Yard and was deeply involved in building such ships as the famed USS Constitution. When President Washington visited Boston in 1789, Gibbs mounted the honor guard for the President with the guard being uniformed in the same style uniforms that were worn during the Revolutionary War.
Document Signed, “C. Gibbs,” May 2, 1783, one page, 8” x 4 ½”. Also signed in the body of the text by Timothy Pickering. Pickering writes a receipt for rations. In full, “Received of Timothy Pickering QMG PD Wolfe, Thirty dollars and seventy three ninetieths in full for forage rations for the month of march last and amount of Specie Certificate no. 6773 – Signed duplicates.”
TIMOTHY PICKERING (1745-1829) was born in Salem in the Province of Massachusetts Bay. He served as the third United States Secretary of State under Presidents George Washington and John Adams and represented Massachusetts in both houses of Congress as a member of the Federalist Party. Pickering became an officer in the Colonial Militia and served in the Siege of Boston during the early stages of the Revolutionary War. Later, he was Adjutant General and Quarter Master General of the Continental Army. After the war, he moved to the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania and took part in the colony’s 1787 ratifying convention for the U.S. Constitution.
Toning, repaired tear. Image is of Pickering and from the web.
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