• Capt. Ezekiel Hayes Receives Bounty for Making Guns, Locks for Capt. Benedict Arnold's Second Company

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    BENEDICT ARNOLD was the infamous Revolutionary War general who fought valiantly before turning traitor. He captured Fort Ticonderoga, commanded the fleet on Lake Champlain, and fought with distinction at Saratoga. When Arnold’s spending was investigated and he was denied a promotion he wanted, he felt betrayed.  He began a treasonous correspondence with British officer John Andre, and they agreed to meet in New York. Andre was captured and hanged and Arnold was discovered, but not until he had fled to British lines. He spent the rest of is life in England, rejected by British society.


    Offering a one-page, 7 ¾ x 10 ½ Manuscript Document Signed twice by Ezekiel Hayes, July 17, 1777, on good quality watermarked laid paper, noting his receiving bounty “for making Guns & Locks” for soldiers in Captain Benedict Arnold’s Second Company.


    In part, “The State of Connecticut to Ezekiel Hayes…the Bounty of Making Gun Barrels & Gun Locks…five Guns & Locks made & sold Timothy Jones Jnr…one Gun 7 Lock sold Joel Bradley…two Gun Locks sold Pierpont Edward…ten Guns & Locks sold Adam Babcock…” [signed] “Ezekiel Hayes.”  Beneath which is a statement signed “sworn before me John Whiting Jus. Peace” whereby “Capt. Ezekiel Hayes of New Haven…made oath to the Truth of the above charge, and that he has not received the Bounty allowed by the General Assembly for making the above mentioned Guns & Locks.”  During the Battle of New Haven in 1779, JOHN WHITING was taken prisoner. The document text is followed by “Recd…the above sum of Seven Pounds thirteen Shillings, being for the Premium as allowed by the General Assembly for making Guns & Gun Locks.  Recd by [signed] “Ezekiel Hayes.”


    In 1764, New Haven merchants Benedict Arnold and Adam Babcock, both in their 20s, formed a partnership, bought three trading ships and established a lucrative West Indies trade.  Arnold, Timothy Jones Jr., and Pierpont Edwards were three of the signers applying to the General Assembly of Connecticut, then sitting at New Haven, for a charter which was granted on March 2, 1775, forming a district military company by the name of the Second Company of the Governor’s Guards.  The Company responded to the Lexington Alarm in April and marched to Boston to assist the patriots in Boston.  Captain Benedict Arnold was commander of the Second Company. Edwards, later a member of the Continental Congress, was the youngest son of Rev. Jonathan Edwards. Joel Bradley was 2nd Lieutenant in militia in North Haven in 1777 and was present at the burning of Danbury by the British, as was Arnold.


    Nicely docketed on the verso, “Capt. Ezekiel Hayes, Bill for Bounty on guns & locks June 17, 1777…”


    Expected toning, folds, but very readable.


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