• Civil War Document: Pennsylvania's Draft Quota to Serve Lincoln's Request

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    JAMES B. FRY served as chief of staff to Brigadier General Irvin McDowell at the First Battle of Bull Run. He was promoted to assistant adjutant general with the rank of captain on August 3, 1861.  On November 15, 1861, Fry was assigned as Chief of Staff under Major General Don Carlos Buell. He participated in the Battle of Shiloh and the Siege of Corinth and was later promoted to major in 1862 and lieutenant colonel.  He was appointed provost marshal general in November 1862. He served there until the office was abolished in 1866.

    WILLIAM P. STONE was a 19-year-old student when he enlisted on August 23, 1861, as a Private. He was mustered into “C” Co. MA 19th Infantry on August 28, 1861. Stone was promoted several times to 1st Sergeant, 2nd Lieutenant, 1st Lieutenant, Captain and Major. He was wounded three times – at Glendale, VA, Antietam, MD, and Gettysburg, PA (on July 3, 1863).

    In 1865 at the close of the war, Stone decided to stay in the Army and in early 1866, now a brevet Major, he was assigned to the newly created Freedman’s Bureau.  The bureau was designed by Congress to bridge the gap between slavery and citizenship for about four million largely illiterate African Americans.  As agent for the bureau in South Carolina, Stone struggled against the violent resistance of the planter class and the Ku Klux Klan to achieve the bureau’s objectives of equality.  He was instrumental in establishing schools for children of former slaves in South Carolina.

    Offered is an “official copy” of a War Department document sent to Pennsylvania Gov. A.G. Curtain. 4pp, 8” x 10” [1864] from the Provost Marshal General’s Office in Washington, DC, providing a breakdown of “The quota of the Eastern Division of the State of Pennsylvania to fill the call for the President for 500,000 men and to make up such deficiencies.”

    The document provides an itemized breakdown of the numbers of men drafted from each of the 12 districts and the credits due for volunteers.  Likely written and signed by a member of Fry’s staff. Stone’s name appears as Assistant Inspector.

    Folds, light toning, couple of stray pencil marks and a couple of small tears reinforced with archival tale. Overall, the document is very strong and a nice piece of Civil War history reflecting Pennsylvania’s contribution to the war.

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