• Civil War Letter: Cadet Witnesses MA Secessionist Cowering -- MA 5th Fought at Bull Run

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    The MA 5th Infantry reported for duty in April 1861. After being encamped at the city of Washington, it was transferred to the Virginia shore, where it eventually marched toward Bull Run. It was one of three Massachusetts Regiments engaged in the Battle of Bull Run on July 21, 1861, where it lost nine men and had two wounded.  Offering a 4 pp, 5 x 8, letter from Salem, MA, Cadet J.A. Manny to Charles William Dodge of Co. B, 7th Regt., MA, attached to the 5th. 

    “…I have joined the Cadets and Major Marks & Captain Dalton say that they are almost sure of going before long. I have been having my uniform made and now I am ready. There has any quantity of young fellows gone out of New York to join the S.L.I. when they get there in the Constitution. I am glad that you got through so easy. But I think we shall have some music after the 4th of July.  I do not think we shall have much fighting till then. The Cadets drill down in your armory every evening except Monday & Thursday…Your old members drill. They use our muskets for drilling. Capt. Coggswell’s Company went in to camp yesterday…They have built barracks down there…They were the tuffest [sic] looking set that ever you saw. They are composed of all the Roughs of Salem. The Irish have formed a company here and having their uniforms made as fast as they can…They are going to camp down on the neck.  The Light Artillery are strutting around town in their uniforms waiting for orders…Dr. Stone has formed a Hospital Corps to be attached to Gen. Butler’s Regiment composed of 40 able bodied men and they will start for Washington as soon as he gets orders…The folks got up a crowd and visited several folks that they thought were for the secessionists and made them put out the stars and stripes.  Among them was Dr. Loring. He came out and made quite a speech. He said he was for the Union and all his property was at the service of the government. Then they called on a man over in north Salem…He presented a pair of pistols at them but about a dozen pistols were shown him, which cooled him off and he put up the flag. They have hung Davis in Effigy several times. They hung him up once over in north Salem and then burnt him. There was a young fellow killed down to the South Reading Depot…His name was Cross and he belonged to the Artillery. He was buried under Arms…”

    Toning, folds. Minor fold tears. Else excellent and very readable.

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