The 90th PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY served in a number of major battles including Gettysburg, Cedar Mountain, Second Bull Run, Chancellorsville, Antietam, Wilderness, Spotsylvania Courthouse, the Siege of Petersburg and Globe Tavern.
The regiment was formed from the 2nd Regiment, 1st Brigade, First Division of the Pennsylvania Militia. Peter Lyle was selected as colonel and William A. Leech as lieutenant colonel. At the Battle of Globe Tavern, Leech, Jacob Davis and about 90 men were captured by the Confederates. Twenty men were killed or wounded. William Davis took command of the regiment.
On July 1, 1863, the infantry supported the Union Army at Gettysburg on McPherson Ridge. Forced to retreat with the rest of the I Corps, it was assigned with the rest of the division to the southern end of Cemetery Ridge. The chaplain of the regiment, Horatio Stockton Howell, was cruelly murdered on the steps of the Lutheran Church during the retreat.
There are three monuments to the 90th on the Gettysburg battlefield. There is also a monument to the 90th at Antietam.
Our muster roll, 21 x 30 ¾, lists dozens of names, along with many signatures, of soldiers paid for their service between December 1, 1861 and February 28, 1862. Officers who signed the document include William Leech, William P. Davis and William H. Henlings and John Gorgas. Peter Lyle’s name appears on the document. The document also lists the names of three Negro servants and soldiers who deserted.
Folds, toning. Some reinforcement with archival tape. Very readable and a great piece of Civil War history from an important Union regiment.
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