• Confederate Negro Deserter Reports 50 Died Under Rebels; 22nd VA Cut To Pieces

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    During the Civil War, both sides used the tourist attraction at Salt Sulphur Springs (Monroe County, WV) for headquarters. Our writer, Joseph Corbin, mentions that the 3,000 Confederates were encamped there.


    2 pp, 5 ½ x 7, Camp Meadow Bluffs, July 1, 1862. Toning, in pencil. Very readable.  Miniature drawings of soldiers on verso with a design stating “US”, including on the first page. 


    Corbin writes to his brother. “As this is the first day of the month, we are mustering for two more months’ pay. I am sitting on the parade ground by a big tree writing on my knapsack. I am well at present and enjoying a soldier’s life among the mountains in Western Virginia.


    “Our brigade has been on a scout...They captured 6 prisoners, about 100 stands of arms, a quantity of crackers and sugar and a hundred eighty head of cattle...The rebels force at Salt Sulphur Springs was about 3,000, commanded by Gen. Heath but when he heard of the approach of our force, he retreated back.  He wouldn’t stand till we got up. He got enough of us at Lewisburg.


    “A Negro deserter from Gen. Heath’s army reports that the rebels hauled away 114 and fifty has died since. He said that the 22nd Virginia Regt. was all cut to pieces...From your Brother, 3d brigade, 44th Regt., Joseph H. Corbin”


    JOSEPH H. CORBIN enlisted as a private on September 20, 1861, five months after the Civil War began.  He mustered into G Co. Ohio 44th Infantry and was later transferred to the Ohio 8th Infantry.  He was mustered out on July 30, 1865, at Clarksburg, W.VA.  During his enlistment, Corbin was promoted to corporal.

    His brother DAVID L. CORBIN enlisted as a private on August 7, 1862, and was mustered into B Co. Ohio 94th Infantry. He was mustered out on May 24, 1865, at Camp Dennison, Ohio.  A few months after his enlistment, Corbin was taken prisoner at Nolensville, TN (December 30, 1862). David would later become a physician.


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