• Distinguished Union Gen. Hawley Will Give A Toast About Pilgrims, A People Who Believed Something

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    JOSEPH R. HAWLEY (October 31, 1826 – March 18, 1905) was the 42nd Governor of Connecticut, a member of the Republican and Free-Soil parties, a Civil War general and an ardent abolitionist. He served two terms in the U.S. House of Representatives and was a four-term U.S. Senator.

    One-page, 8 x 9 ¼, ALS, Hartford, to STEWART L. WOODFORD (1835 – 1913) former Union Brevet Brigadier General who commanded the 103rd U.S. Colored Troops.  Dated November 17, 1885, Hawley writes, “I don’t know that I care much what you assign me for a toast, but as you asked me to suggest something, ‘The Puritans: a people who believed in something.’  But it is not material something must be said about the Puritans every time.  I suppose and I don’t wish to assume a chief place. So make it whatever you please if you have anything in your mind that conflicts with the suggestion. I am told Gov. Long talked upon some subject last year. Please send me the last year’s or Long’s year pamphlets...

    “Jos R. Hawley”

    Hawley served in the Union Army during the Civil War, rising from captain to brevet major general of volunteers.  He saw his first action in the First Battle of Bull Run. He later assisted Col. Alfred H. Terry in raising the 7th Connecticut Infantry, a three-year regiment, and was named as lieutenant colonel. He participated in the Port Royal Expedition. He was part of the four-month siege that culminated in the capture of Fort Pulaski in April 1862.  Hawley commanded the garrison with force.

    Stewart Woodford was one of the more controversial figures of the war. Woodford served as the U.S. Ambassador to Spain in the months leading up to the war. It was Woodford's job to present the changing American policy to the Spanish government.

    Woodford was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1860 and assistant attorney for the United States in New York City in 1861 and 1862.

    During the Civil War he served in the Union Army, reaching the rank of lieutenant colonel of the One Hundred and Twenty-seventh New York Volunteers in September 8, 1862. It has been said that he was a powerful speaker, and dozens of men of enlistment age came to hear him sermonize on why they should fight for the Union.

    In March 3, 1865 Woodford was promoted to colonel of the One Hundred and Third United States Colored Infantry and, two months later, on May 12, 1865, brevetted brigadier general of Volunteers. Woodford left the Union Army with this rank and, on the cessation of hostilities, he resumed the practice of law.

    In 1866 Woodford was elected lieutenant-governor of New York on the ticket with Reuben E. Fenton, filling this office from 1867 to 1869. In 1870 was candidate for Governor but without success.

    Light toning. A vertical strip of mounting adhesive on the verso, not affecting text.

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