• IL 28th Infantry Private Writes Of Rebels Wrecking Railroad Cars, Bridges

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    ANDREW BLACK of Mantanzas, IL, enlisted as a Private on August 1, 1861. He was mustered into A Co. IL 28th Infantry and was discharged for disability on December 5, 1862.


    The 28th Infantry saw action at the Battle of Fort Henry, the bloody Battle of Shiloh and the Siege of Corinth. Grant’s Central Mississippi campaign culminated in the Siege of Vicksburg (June 11-July 4, 1863), one of the most important Union victories of the war.  It opened the Mississippi River for the Union and cut the Confederacy in half.  The Vicksburg victory effectively finished the Confederacy in the West, severing Texas, Arkansas and large parts of Louisiana from the remainder of the insurgent states.


    4 pp, 5 x 8, Black writes to Mrs. Marry C. Black of Mason County, IL, on June 7th, 1862, Mississippi near Corinth.


    “Dear Catherine


    “I take my pen in hand to let you know how the times is and that I am well and smitten and I hope that these few lines will find you well and in good health. I aint heard from John since we left him beyond Corinth. I suppose he is sent of Mound City or some other hospital. He will get to come home when he gets able. For that is the way to get home on furlough is when a man is sick so he isn’t fit for duty. I don’t want to be sick if I can help it but I would as soon be sick as not for I would be sure to get to come home...


    “But I still live in hope that I will get to come home this summer some time and if I can’t get a furlough I don’t know but that I will run of and come in any how...for it will soon be 12 months since I left you and Helle...I can’t forget that time because I know you don’t want to see me much worse that I want to see you and the babe.


    “We are camped out now on the Charleston and the Memphis railroad some 6 miles north west of Corinth and have possession of the railroad for several miles and some 4 or 5 locomotives and cars...But the rebels wreck most of all the cars and destroyed some of the bridges. But we run the cars all of the time to Corinth and several miles down towards Memphis.  I don’t know how long we will stay here but I suppose no longer than we will get some of the bridges fixed up that the Rebels wreck. We are most on the line of Tennessee again and the Secesh move...We will be in Tennessee for this road runs through most of Tennessee to Memphis...There is a good many union men here...


    “Catherine I will have to stop writing now. I will write you another letter in a few days again. So good by my love...”


    Folds, light toning. Extensive phonetic spelling corrected in the transcription for clarity. Cover with three-cent stamp.


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