• LT. Sammis Of 92nd Illinois Receives Word From Sister Regarding Jubal Early’s Valley Campaign

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    The 92nd Regiment Illinois Infantry, also known as the 92nd Illinois Mounted Infantry Regiment, was an infantry and mounted infantry.  It was engaged in the Battle of Franklin, Tullahoma Campaign, Chickamauga, Chattanooga Campaign, Lookout Mountain, Atlanta Campaign and the Savannah Campaign.  LT. OSCAR SAMMIS served in the regiment near Chattanooga.


    His sister Sibyl M. Hill writes on July 17th, 1864, from Polo, a 4 pp, 5 ¼ x 8 ¼, letter to her brother, Oscar, complaining that “we felt afraid for a while that the Rebels might get into Washington and I think there were some near Washington...Sherman might be doing some terrible fighting the past two weeks...The opinion here is that he will soon clear out most of that part of the country. Her letter references, though doesn’t fully spell out, Jubal Early’s raid towards Washington (June-July 1864).   Robert E. Lee was concerned about Hunter’s advances in the Valley, which threatened critical railroad lines and provisions for the Virginia-based Confederate forces. Lee had sent Early’s corps to seek Union forces from the Valley and, if possible to menace Washington, hoping to compel Grant to dilute his forces against Lee around Petersburg, Virginia. Early was operating in the shadow of Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson whose 1862 Valley Campaign against superior forces was fabled in Confederate history.  Early got off to a good start. Grant dispatched a corps under Horatio G. Wright to reinforce Washington and pursue Early. Early attacked a fort on the northwest defensive perimeter of Washington without success and withdrew back to Virginia.


    Sammis’ sister writes, in very small part, “...News came last night that Brian Webster was badly wounded. I hope it is not so but we fear. I think we always hear the most...of everything here. You have seen by the papers the account of the Raid into Penn. & Maryland. We felt afraid here for a while that the Rebels might get into Washington and I think there was some near Washington...Sherman has been doing some terrible fighting in the last two weeks. The opinion is that he will soon clean out that part of the country...”


    Folds, toning, but very readable.


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