CHARLES SUMNER (January 6, 1811 – March 11, 1874) was a United States Senator from Massachusetts, a powerful orator and a leader of the anti-slavery forces in the Radical Republicans. During Reconstruction, he fought to minimize the power of the ex-Confederates and guarantee equal rights to the freedmen. Sumner changed political parties several times as anti-slavery coalitions rose and fell in the 1830s and 1840s before coalescing in the 1850s as the Republican Party. He devoted enormous energies to the destruction of what Republicans called Slave Power, the influence over the federal government by Southern slave owners who sought the continuation and expansion of slavery. On May 22, 1856, South Carolina Senator Preston Brooks nearly killed Sumner with a cane on the Senate floor after Sumner delivered an anti-slavery speech, “The Crime Against Kansas.” In the speech, Sumner characterized Brooks’ cousin, South Carolina Senator Andrew Butler, as a pimp for slavery. The incident left Sumner severely injured and it was several years before he could return to the Senate.
Offering his signature attached to a card.
Toning, light soiling. Slight brush to the “C.” Else very good.
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