• Revolutionary War Green Mountain Boys LT. Ebenzer Walbridge Fought With Benedict Arnold, Secretly Negotiated Vermont's Sovereignty

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    EBENEZER WALBRIDGE (1738-1819) was born in Norwich, CT, moved to Bennington in 1765 and was a lieutenant in Seth Warner’s regiment of the Green Mountain Boys in 1775. Walbridge participated in Benedict Arnold’s daring but ill-fated winter attack on Quebec in 1776, serving under Capt. Brownson and was the adjutant of the regiment.  He also fought in the Battle of Bennington in 1777, where his brother, Henry, was killed.  Walbridge became a Lieutenant Colonel in the local militia and was promoted to its commander in 1780.  His regiment was in action several times during the war on the frontier, including a deployment to Castleton to meet an expected British attack led by Col. Barry St. Ledger.  Walbridge was later appointed Brigadier General in the militia.  Walbridge was involved in the secret of the Haldimand Affair, a series of negotiations conducted in the early 1780s between Frederick Haldimand, the British governor of the Province of Quebec, and several people representing Vermont Republic.  Vermonters had been battling Indian raids, sponsored by the British, and engaging in a long-running dispute with New York State over jurisdiction of the territory.  At issue was whether Vermont would remain independent or reunite with Britain. Haldimand offered generous terms for the reunion in 1781.  But the main British army surrendered at Yorktown and it was clear the United States would achieve independence. Vermont was surrounded on three sides by American territory, rejected the British overtures and became the 14th state in March 1791.  The secret negotiations excluded significant portions of Vermont’s political power structure and led to accusations against some negotiators, including Ethan Allen.

     

    Offering a 3 pp, 10 x 16, New York deed, signed by Walbridge and his wife Elizabeth, selling land to ROBERT TROUP on April 19, 1811. Original seals remain.  The document is not signed by Troup, but we find ROBERT TROUP in Appleton’s Cyclopaedia of American Biography, which states that he studied law under John Jay, was a personal friend of Alexander Hamilton and, in early 1776, joined the Revolutionary army on Long Island as a lieutenant.  Troup became an aide to Gen. Nathaniel Woodhull and shortly afterward was taken prisoner at the Battle of Long Island and confined in the Jersey prison ship, but in the spring of 1777 was exchanged and joined the army in New Jersey.  He became an aide to Gen. Horatio Gates in August and participated in the Battle of Stillwater and the surrender of Gen. Burgoyne on October 17, 1777.

     

    The deed has a scalloped top on the first page.  Archival tape reinforcement at conjoining page fold.  Seals beside Walbridge and his wife’s name are intact.  A fine example of important Revolutionary War figures, one of whom was one of the Green Mountain Boys.

     

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