ROGER BROOKE TANEY (March 17, 1777 – October 12, 1864) was the
fifth Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. He delivered the majority
opinion in Dred Scott vs. Sanford (1857) that ruled that African-Americans,
having been considered inferior at the time the U.S. Constitution was drafted,
were not part of the original community of citizens and, whether free or slave,
could not be considered citizens. He was considered by some to be a thorn in
the side of Abraham Lincoln.
Taney was appointed by Andrew Jackson. Prior to his taking his seat on the Supreme Court, he was attorney general and Secretary of the Treasury and was one of Jackson’s closest advisors. He became a staunch supporter of slavery even after he freed 11 slaves he inherited and made anti-slavery statements while acting as a defense attorney.
2 pp, 7 ½ x 12 ½, legal document written and signed twice by Taney and a third time in the text as attorney for the plaintiff in a case involving 82 ½ acres in Montgomery County, MD. Taney represented Jacob Stier, who sued Nicholas Clapper for non-payment of $800.
In very small part, “Nicolas Clapper, late of Frederick County, you are commanded to answer unto Jacob Stier Junior in a plea that…by certain instrument of writing made on the nineteenth day of March in the year eighteen hundred and fourteen…said Jacob agreed for the consideration of eight-hundred dollars to be paid as therein mentioned…sold the said Nicholas…said parcel of land…the said Jacob had then lately resided on in Montgomery County…the said Nicholas [agreed] to pay to the said Jacob a horse, cow & one hundred dollars on demand and one hundred dollars in cash on receiving the title…and two hundred dollars on the first of January next…The said Nicholas did not pay to him…contrary to the tenor and effect of the instrument…To the damage of the said Jacob in the sum of eight hundred dollars…he brings suit…”
Very fine early legal document signed by the attorney who was to become a highly important U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice.
Folds and expected toning, but overall in excellent condition.
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