Offering a two-page, 5 x 8 AL, from the U.S. Senate Chamber, January 20th, 1866, with recommendations from three of the staunchest and most important abolitionists in the country – THADDEUS STEVENS, CHARLES SUMNER, WILLIAM DARREY KELLEY -- supporting the establishment of a two-cent newspaper in New York, obviously a Radical Republican newspaper by GUSTAVE PAUL CLUSERET, who founded a number of publications during his lifetime and dedicated his life to abolitionist causes. The letter contains two recommendations by Stevens, one from Kelley and one from Sumner. Although this document was apparently written and signed by a Senate secretary, it represents the historic interest in the abolitionist cause in the mid-19th century.
Each of three has offered his recommendation of Cluseret.
Sumner: “This is general Cluseret, who has served well in our army and wishes now to form a 2-cent journal in New York to support the good cause. I have entire confidence in him and take an interest in his plans.
Stevens: “The bearer is a good and true Republican. He proposes to publish such a paper as we need. Please encourage him...He is a good and true man.”
Kelley: “...He wishes to start a two cent paper in N.Y. and if you can aid him or induce our friends to do so, you will serve the country. Our friends Sumner, Stevens feel great interest in his project.
CLUSERET (June 13, 1823 – August 22, 1900) was a French soldier and politician who served as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He served under Fremont and McClellan. Following his resignation, he co-founded a New York City-based newspaper, New Nation with Fremont, which adopted a Radical Republican perspective, criticizing Lincoln’s gradualist approach to the slavery issue. In 1866, the governor of New York, Reuben Fenton, asked Cluseret to organize the Fenian Brotherhood as a diversionary plan to undermine British influence in the Mediterranean. Cluseret participated in the Fenian insurrection, escaping arrest when the movement collapsed but was condemned to death in his absence.
STEVENS (April 4, 1792 – August 11, 1868) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania and one of the leaders of the Radical Republican faction of the Republican Party. A fierce opponent of slaver and discrimination against African Americans, Stevens sought to secure their rights during Reconstruction, leading the opposition to President Andrew Johnson. He focused his attention on defeating the Confederacy, financing the war with new taxes, ending slavery and securing the rights for the Freedmen.
SUMNER (January 6, 1811 – March 11, 1874) was a United States Senator from Massachusetts, a powerful orator and the leader of anti-slavery forces in the state and of Radical Republicans in the Senate. During Reconstruction, he fought to minimize the power of ex-Confederates and guarantee equal rights to the freedman.
KELLEY (April 12, 1814 – January 9, 1890) was a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania. He was an abolitionist and one of the founders of the Republican Party. A friend of Abraham Lincoln, he was a man of strict principles, advocating for the recruitment of black troops in the civil war and extending the vote to them afterwards.
Light toning, folds but in excellent condition.
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