6 ½ x 8 ¼ Revolutionary War, ALS Pay Order for Express Rider Samuel Whitmore (sometimes spelled Wetmore or Witmore) dated July 24, 1775, directed to John Lawrence, Treasurer and signed by Thomas Seymour and Oliver Ellsworth, two highly important individuals during the war.
“Pay Sam’l Whitmore on Order One pound, one shilling money in bills – it being for service & expense for riding from Weathersfield to New Haven in the Colony’s Service as acct. & charge the same to acct of the Colony Connecticut.
“Harford, July 24th, 1775”
Nice docketing on verso.
OLIVER ELLSWORTH (April 29, 1745 – November 26, 1807) was a lawyer, judge, politician and diplomat. He was a framer of the United States Constitution, a U.S. Senator from Connecticut and the third Chief Justice of the United States, appointed by George Washington. Ellsworth received 11 electoral votes in the 1796 presidential election. Ellsworth was a delegate to the Continental Congress during the Revolutionary War, and later a delegate to the 1787 Philadelphia Convention, which produced the U.S. Constitution. His influence helped insure that Connecticut ratified the Constitution. He left the convention before actually signing the Constitution, but his influence on the document was enormous. He was chief author of the Judiciary Act of 1789, which shaped the federal judiciary and established the Supreme Court’s power to overturn state supreme court decisions that were contrary to the Constitution. Ellsworth served as envoy to France from 1799 to 1800, signing the Convention of 1800 to settle the hostilities of the Quasi-War.
THOMAS Y. SEYMOUR rose to the rank of Major in the Continental Army. After graduating from Yale, he was given the commission in the Second Continental Regiment of Light Dragoons. Under the command of Gen. Horatio Gates and acting as an aide on the staff of field general Benedict Arnold, Seymour participated in the historic battle against the British near Saratoga, NY.
A portion of the regiment, commanded by then-Lieutenant Seymour, constituted the sole Continental cavalry engaged in the fighting. The American victory at Saratoga proved to be a turning point in the Revolutionary War. It prevented the British from cutting off New England from the rest of the colonies. On December 17, 1777 at Freeman’s Farm, Lt. Seymour escorted the captive British Gen. John Burgoyne to Boston. Burgoyne was so impressed with the way he was treated that he presented Seymour with a magnificent saddle. Seymour resigned from the army in 1778, returned to Hartford and began practicing law. In 1791, he served as an active member of the Connecticut Anti-Slavery Society.
Small fold break reinforced with archival tape.
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