• [War of 1812, Revolutionary War] Madison's Secretary of War John Armstrong Jr. Accepts Money from Financier

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    JOHN ARMSTRONG JR. (November 25, 1758 – April 1, 1843) was a soldier in the Revolutionary War, a statesman and a delegate to the Continental Congress, a U.S. Senator from New York and President James Madison’s Secretary of War. At the Battle of Princeton, Armstrong carried the dying General Mercer from the field. After the general’s death, Armstrong became an aide to General Horatio Gates.  While in camp with Gates, Armstrong became involved in the Newburgh Conspiracy, which was aimed at getting back pay and resolving other grievances. When the War of 1812 broke out, Armstrong was commissioned Brigadier General and placed in charge of the defenses for the port of New York.


    JACOB BARKER (1779 – 1871) was an American financier and lawyer. Early in the War of 1812, he was instrumental in securing a loan of $5 million for the national government. In 1815, he founded the Exchange Bank of New York. He became interested in other financial institutions, including the Life and Fire Insurance Company. When that company failed, he and others were arrested on a charge of conspiracy to defraud.  Ultimately, the indictment was quashed.


    One-page, 3 ½ x 7, ADS by Armstrong, “Pay to Mr. Jacob Barker the balance of my account with the Bank of Columbia Georgetown. John Armstrong, Washington, 30th, August 1814


    “The Cashiers of the Columbia Bank, Georgetown…”


    Verso contains a ADS, a receipt, signed by Barker, “Washington [September] 1 – 1814. Received Five hundred dollars on acct of the within Jacob Barker”


    Toning, light staining, slightly rough right margin, a couple of pin holes. A great piece of American history signed during the War of 1812.


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