• [William Henry Harrison] Indiana Territory Indenture Includes Signatures Of Battle Of Tippecanoe Soldiers, State Constitution Signer

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    7 ¾ x 12 ½ Indiana Territory indenture, September 20th, 1810, signed by PATRICK SHIELDS, the earliest settler of Indiana, and GEORGE POPE, lieutenant under WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON in the Indiana Militia and the first clerk of Common Pleas in Harrison County. Shields and Pope have signed the indenture.


    The indenture was between Shields and J. George Pfimmer “judges as aforesaid and in consideration of the power vested in them by the legislature of the said territory and in consideration of a bond with security given by the said James Vanwinkle...have devised lease and to farm let and by their presents do devise lease and farm let unto the said James Vanwinkle...for and during the term of four years...”


    PATRICK HENRY SHIELDS, his wife and a slave traveled on horseback through the dense forest of what is now Georgetown and settled in Floyd County. Shields was a native of York County, VA, born in 1773, and was named for patriot Patrick Henry. He was educated as a lawyer at William and Mary College and at Hampdon-Sydney College.  He was the first settler in Georgetown. He was named as the first judge in the county. During the War of 1812, he fought under William Henry Harrison in the Battle of Tippecanoe, which banished the last of the Indian raids on the Hoosier frontier.  He was among the group which gathered in Corydon to draw up the constitution of the new government.


    GEORGE POPE was the first clerk of the common pleas court of Harrison County in Indiana Territory. He served as a lieutenant in the Indiana militia under Gen. William Henry Harrison.


    The Indiana Territory was created by an act that President John Adams signed into law on May 7, 1800.  The territory existed until December 11, 1816, when it was admitted as a state. William Henry Harrison, the territory’s first governor, oversaw treaty negotiations with the Native Americans, which ceded tribal lands to the U.S. government, opening large parts of the territory to further settlement. At the outbreak of Tecumseh’s War, Harrison led a military force in the opening hostilities at the Battle of Tippecanoe and in the invasion of Canada during the War of 1812. In June 1816, a constitutional convention was held at Corydon, where a state constitution was adopted on June 29, 1816.


    A wonderful remnant of Indiana Territory history. Folds, toning.  Fine docketing on verso.


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